Anna Eleanor Roosevelt was born on October 11, 1884, in New York City, to a wealthy and prominent family. Her father was Elliott Roosevelt, the younger brother of President Theodore Roosevelt. She was educated at home and in private schools, and spent her teenage years traveling abroad with her family.
In 1905, Eleanor married Franklin D. Roosevelt, a distant cousin, and future President of the United States. They had six children, but the marriage was tumultuous due to Franklin’s infidelity. Despite this, Eleanor remained committed to her husband’s political career, and became an influential and active First Lady during his presidency from 1933 to 1945.
During her time as First Lady, Eleanor championed social and political causes, including civil rights, women’s rights, and the rights of workers and the poor. She traveled extensively around the country, visiting communities and speaking on behalf of her causes. She also wrote a daily newspaper column, “My Day,” which gave her a national platform for her ideas.
After her husband’s death in 1945, Eleanor continued to be a prominent public figure and advocate for social justice. She served as a delegate to the United Nations General Assembly, and played a key role in drafting the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. She was also a prolific writer, publishing several books on her experiences and beliefs.
Eleanor Roosevelt died on November 7, 1962, at the age of 78. Today, she is remembered as one of the most influential and inspiring First Ladies in American history, and a trailblazer for women’s rights and social justice.